Refugees and displaced persons: the refugee definition and‘humanitarian’ protection Susan Kneebone


Susan Kneebone is a prominent legal scholar and expert in the field of refugee and migration law. While I cannot provide an exact summary of her work or writings, I can offer a general overview of the refugee definition and humanitarian protection.

The Refugee Definition:
The refugee definition is outlined in the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol. According to this definition, a refugee is someone who is outside their country of origin due to a well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group. This fear of persecution must be due to circumstances in their home country, and the person must be unable or unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country.

Humanitarian Protection:
Humanitarian protection refers to the measures and assistance provided to individuals who are forced to flee their homes and seek refuge due to conflicts, violence, natural disasters, or other life-threatening circumstances. It encompasses a broader spectrum of people in need of international protection beyond those who strictly fit the legal definition of a refugee.

While refugees have a specific legal status and entitlements under international refugee law, humanitarian protection encompasses a wider range of individuals, including internally displaced persons (IDPs), stateless persons, and individuals affected by environmental or humanitarian disasters. Humanitarian protection can be offered through various means, such as temporary shelter, access to basic services like food, water, and healthcare, as well as legal and social support.

Susan Kneebone’s Work:
Susan Kneebone has contributed significantly to the field of refugee and migration law, particularly through her research, publications, and academic teachings. Her work often focuses on the legal protection of refugees and the challenges faced by displaced persons. She may have explored various aspects of the refugee definition, the rights and obligations of states towards refugees, the role of humanitarian organizations, and the effectiveness of international protection mechanisms.

It’s important to note that the specific details of Susan Kneebone’s work may extend beyond the scope of this response, and for a more comprehensive understanding, it would be advisable to refer to her publications and writings directly.

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