Convention relating to the status of stateless persons


The Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons is an international treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on September 28, 1954. The purpose of the convention is to establish a framework for the protection and promotion of the rights of individuals who are not considered nationals by any country, that is, stateless persons.

Key provisions of the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons include:

  1. Definition of a stateless person: The convention defines a stateless person as someone who is not considered a national by any state under its laws. It excludes individuals who are considered nationals solely on account of their residence.
  2. Non-discrimination: The convention emphasizes that stateless persons should be treated without discrimination based on their race, religion, or country of origin.
  3. Protection from expulsion: Stateless persons should not be expelled from the territory of a country unless there are compelling reasons, such as national security or public order. If expelled, they should not be sent to a country where their life or freedom would be threatened.
  4. Access to basic rights and services: Stateless persons should enjoy a number of basic rights and freedoms, including access to education, employment, housing, public relief, and social security. They should also have access to identity and travel documents.
  5. Administrative assistance: Countries that have ratified the convention are required to provide stateless persons with necessary documentation and administrative assistance to help them obtain a nationality or legal status.
  6. Naturalization: The convention encourages states to facilitate the naturalization of stateless persons who have been lawfully residing in their territory for a certain period of time.
  7. Reservations and exceptions: The convention allows countries to make reservations or exceptions to certain provisions if they are consistent with their national laws and policies.

The Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons has been ratified by a significant number of countries. However, it’s important to note that not all countries have ratified the convention, and its implementation can vary among those that have.

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