The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness is an international treaty that aims to reduce and prevent statelessness. Statelessness refers to the condition of an individual who is not considered a citizen or national by any country.
The convention was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on August 30, 1961, and entered into force on December 13, 1975. It is also known as the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. The treaty provides a framework for states to establish safeguards and procedures to prevent statelessness, as well as to grant nationality to stateless individuals.
The main objectives of the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness are:
- To grant nationality to individuals who would otherwise be stateless. The convention establishes certain criteria and procedures that states should follow in determining the acquisition or attribution of nationality to stateless persons.
- To prevent statelessness at birth. The convention encourages states to grant nationality to children born in their territory who would otherwise be stateless. It also provides measures to prevent the arbitrary deprivation of nationality from children.
- To reduce cases of statelessness. The convention aims to prevent cases of statelessness by encouraging states to grant nationality to individuals who have a genuine and effective link to their territory, even if they do not meet all the criteria for automatic acquisition of nationality.
- To cooperate and exchange information between states. The convention promotes international cooperation among states in implementing its provisions and encourages the exchange of information and best practices to prevent and reduce statelessness.
Since its adoption, the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness has been ratified by numerous countries. However, statelessness remains a significant issue globally, and efforts to address and eliminate statelessness continue through various international and national initiatives.