What is Fundamental Right
Fundamental rights are a set of basic human rights that are recognized and protected by law. These rights are considered essential for the development of an individual and for a society that is based on the principles of justice, equality, and dignity. They are typically enshrined in constitutions and other legal instruments, and they are considered to be universal, inalienable, and indivisible.
Some of the most common fundamental rights include:
- Right to life: This includes the right to live free from violence, the right to access healthcare, and the right to live with dignity.
- Right to liberty and security: This includes the right to be free from arbitrary arrest or detention, the right to a fair trial, and the right to be free from torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment.
- Right to equality: This includes the right to be treated equally before the law, the right to non-discrimination, and the right to equal protection under the law.
- Right to freedom of expression: This includes the right to express one’s opinions and ideas freely, the right to access information, and the right to freedom of the press.
- Right to religious freedom: This includes the right to practice any religion or belief system freely, without fear of persecution or discrimination.
- Right to privacy: This includes the right to privacy in one’s personal life, the right to privacy in one’s home, and the right to protection against surveillance or intrusion.
- Right to education: This includes the right to access education without discrimination, the right to education that is free, compulsory, and of good quality, and the right to access higher education on the basis of merit.
The recognition and protection of fundamental rights is considered crucial for the development of a just and democratic society. Governments are typically responsible for ensuring that these rights are upheld and protected, and individuals are encouraged to assert their rights in cases where they feel they have been violated.