Fundamental Rights of a Citizen



In Pakistan, the fundamental rights of citizens are enshrined in the Constitution. These rights are crucial for ensuring the protection and well-being of individuals. Some of the fundamental rights guaranteed to citizens of Pakistan include:

  1. Right to Equality: Citizens are guaranteed equality before the law and equal protection of the law without discrimination on the basis of race, religion, caste, sex, or place of birth.
  2. Freedom of Speech and Expression: Citizens have the right to freedom of speech and expression, including freedom of the press, subject to reasonable restrictions in the interest of the sovereignty or integrity of Pakistan, security of the state, friendly relations with foreign states, public order, decency, or morality.
  3. Freedom of Religion: Citizens have the right to practice, profess, and propagate their religion freely, and religious minorities are entitled to their own religious institutions.
  4. Right to Education: The state is responsible for providing free and compulsory education to all children aged 5 to 16 years. Citizens have the right to access education without discrimination.
  5. Right to Life and Liberty: Every citizen has the right to life and liberty, and no person shall be deprived of their life or liberty except in accordance with the law.
  6. Freedom of Movement: Citizens have the right to move freely throughout Pakistan, subject to reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of public order, morality, or national security.
  7. Freedom of Association and Assembly: Citizens have the right to form associations or unions, subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of public order or morality.
  8. Right to Constitutional Remedies: Citizens have the right to move the courts for the enforcement of their fundamental rights. The Supreme Court and High Courts have the power to issue writs for the enforcement of fundamental rights.

These fundamental rights, among others, are essential pillars of democracy and aim to safeguard the dignity, freedom, and equality of all citizens within Pakistan.

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