criminal conspiracy section 120A/120B


Section 120A and 120B of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) deal with the offense of criminal conspiracy. These sections are applicable in India. Let me explain them to you:Section 120A: Criminal ConspiracySection 120A defines criminal conspiracy as an agreement between two or more people to do an illegal act or to accomplish a legal act by illegal means. The section states that when two or more persons agree to commit a crime, and they take some action to pursue that agreement, it amounts to criminal conspiracy.Conspiracy itself is not the actual commission of a crime, but rather an agreement or plan to commit a crime. It is considered a separate offense because conspirators work together to achieve a common objective, even if the crime itself is not ultimately committed.Section 120B: Punishment of Criminal ConspiracySection 120B specifies the punishment for the offense of criminal conspiracy. According to this section, anyone who is a party to a criminal conspiracy to commit an offense punishable by the Indian Penal Code shall be punished with the same punishment as prescribed for that offense. In other words, if a particular crime has a specific punishment prescribed under the IPC, the punishment for conspiracy to commit that crime will be the same as the punishment for the actual crime.It’s important to note that in order to establish a charge of criminal conspiracy, there must be evidence of an agreement between two or more persons to commit an illegal act. Mere knowledge or presence at the scene of the crime is not sufficient to establish conspiracy.These sections are often used by law enforcement agencies and prosecutors to hold individuals accountable for planning and organizing criminal activities, even if they haven’t directly participated in the actual commission of the crime.Please keep in mind that laws may vary across jurisdictions, so it’s always advisable to consult the specific laws of your country or state for accurate information

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