Pakistan: 1972-79 Muslim World


The period from 1972 to 1979 was significant for Pakistan and the Muslim world, as several important events and developments took place during this time. Here are some key highlights:

  1. 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War: In 1971, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) fought for its independence from West Pakistan. The war resulted in the creation of Bangladesh as a separate nation, ending Pakistan’s territorial integrity.
  2. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s Government: Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the founder of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), became the President of Pakistan in 1971 and later assumed the office of Prime Minister. Bhutto’s government introduced socialist policies, nationalized industries, and implemented land reforms.
  3. 1973 Constitution: Pakistan’s new constitution was enacted in 1973, establishing the country as an Islamic republic. The constitution defined Islam as the state religion while ensuring certain fundamental rights and principles of democracy.
  4. OIC and Islamic Solidarity: Pakistan actively engaged with the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), formerly known as the Organization of the Islamic Conference, during this period. The OIC worked to foster solidarity among Muslim countries and address issues affecting the Muslim world.
  5. Islamic Summit Conferences: In 1974, Pakistan hosted the second Islamic Summit Conference in Lahore. The conference discussed various topics, including the situation in the Middle East and the recognition of Bangladesh as an independent state.
  6. Iranian Revolution: In 1979, the Islamic Revolution took place in Iran, leading to the establishment of an Islamic Republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. This event had a significant impact on the Muslim world, inspiring Islamic movements and influencing regional dynamics.
  7. Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan: In late 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan to support the communist government. Pakistan, along with the United States and other countries, provided support to the Afghan resistance (Mujahideen) during the subsequent Afghan-Soviet War.

These are just a few notable events during the specified period. It is important to recognize that Pakistan’s role and engagement with the Muslim world extended beyond these years, and numerous other developments and challenges shaped the country’s relationship with other Muslim-majority nations.

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