The provision for powers of judges and magistrates being exercised by their successors in-office can vary depending on the legal system and jurisdiction in question. However, I can provide some general information on this topic.
In many legal systems, judges and magistrates hold their office for a specific term or until they retire or are removed from office. During their tenure, they have the authority to exercise various powers and perform their judicial functions. When a judge or magistrate vacates their office due to retirement, resignation, or any other reason, their successor is appointed or elected to take their place.
In order to ensure the continuity of judicial functions and to maintain the smooth operation of the legal system, it is common for the successor to inherit the powers and responsibilities of the office. This means that the successor judge or magistrate can exercise the same powers and perform the same functions as their predecessor.
These powers may include presiding over trials, hearing cases, making rulings on evidentiary matters, issuing orders, and rendering judgments. The successor is expected to apply the law impartially and make decisions based on the facts and legal principles relevant to each case.
The exact provisions for the exercise of powers by successors in-office can be found in the laws and regulations of each jurisdiction. These provisions may outline the process of appointment or election of successors, the transfer of powers and responsibilities, and any specific requirements or qualifications for holding the judicial office.
It’s important to note that the independence of the judiciary and the principles of judicial review play a significant role in ensuring the continuity and integrity of judicial powers across different judges and magistrates.