Model instruments of ratification or accession to international conventions


Instruments of ratification or accession are official documents through which a country expresses its consent to be bound by an international convention or treaty. The specific format and requirements for these instruments may vary depending on the convention and the country involved. However, there are some common elements typically found in instruments of ratification or accession. Here is a general outline:

  1. Title: The instrument should clearly indicate whether it is an instrument of ratification or accession.
  2. Preamble: The preamble provides background information about the convention, including its title, date of adoption, and the purpose for which it was established.
  3. Identification of the Convention: The instrument should identify the specific convention or treaty to which the country is becoming a party. This includes the full title of the convention, the date of adoption, and any relevant articles or protocols.
  4. Authorization: The instrument should include a statement indicating that the relevant national authorities have approved and authorized the ratification or accession. This may involve the signature of the head of state, such as the president or monarch, or another authorized representative.
  5. Undertakings: The instrument should contain a section where the country undertakes to abide by the provisions of the convention and fulfill its obligations under international law. This may include general commitments as well as specific obligations outlined in the convention.
  6. Depository Notification: The instrument should include a statement designating the depository of the convention. The depository is usually an international organization or a specific government institution responsible for keeping the original copies of the convention and related documents.
  7. Entry into Force: The instrument may specify the conditions under which the country’s ratification or accession will enter into force. This could be a specific date, a certain number of ratifications or accessions required, or any other condition mentioned in the convention itself.
  8. Notifications: The instrument may include provisions for the country to provide official notifications to the depository or other parties to the convention regarding its domestic procedures, reservations, or other matters related to the convention.
  9. Seal and Signature: The instrument should bear the official seal or stamp of the country, along with the signature of the authorized representative, typically the head of state or a high-ranking government official.

It’s important to note that the specific requirements for instruments of ratification or accession may vary among countries and conventions. The above outline provides a general framework, but it is always advisable to consult the specific requirements and procedures outlined in the convention itself and to follow the guidelines provided by the relevant national authorities.

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