Disability is a complex and diverse phenomenon that can affect individuals in different ways. Here are some common characteristics of disabilities:

1. Impairment: Impairment refers to a loss or abnormality in body structure or function. It can affect a person’s ability to perform tasks and activities, such as walking, seeing, hearing, or thinking.

2. Activity limitations: Activity limitations refer to difficulties a person may have in executing tasks or actions. For example, a person with a mobility impairment may have difficulty climbing stairs, whereas a person with a visual impairment may have difficulty reading.

3. Participation restrictions: Participation restrictions refer to limitations a person may experience in engaging in social or community activities. These limitations may be caused by physical, social, or environmental barriers.

4. Chronicity: Disabilities are often chronic conditions, meaning they persist over a long period of time or are permanent. This can have a significant impact on a person’s daily life, employment, and social interactions.

5. Variability: Disabilities can vary greatly in their presentation and severity, even among individuals with the same diagnosis. This can make it challenging to predict how a disability will impact a person’s life or to provide effective support.

6. Interaction with environmental factors: Disabilities can be influenced by environmental factors, such as social attitudes, physical accessibility, and availability of support services. These factors can either facilitate or hinder a person’s ability to participate fully in society.

7. Impact on quality of life: Disabilities can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life, affecting physical health, emotional well-being, social relationships, and economic security. The impact may be mitigated by effective support and accommodations, but many individuals with disabilities still face significant challenges and barriers.


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