The Vienna Convention on the Representation of States in their Relations with International Organizations of a Universal Character, commonly known as the “Vienna Convention on Representation,” is an international treaty that governs the diplomatic representation of states in their relations with international organizations. The Convention was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on November 28, 1975, and entered into force on July 13, 1978.
The purpose of the Vienna Convention on Representation is to establish a framework for the participation of states in international organizations and to regulate the appointment and functioning of their representatives. It sets out the rights, privileges, and immunities of these representatives, as well as the obligations and responsibilities they have towards the international organization.
Key provisions of the Convention include:
- Representation and credentials: The Convention defines the procedures for the appointment and recognition of representatives, as well as the issuance and acceptance of credentials by the international organization.
- Privileges and immunities: It establishes the privileges and immunities enjoyed by representatives, including inviolability of their persons and immunity from legal process for official acts performed in their official capacity.
- Facilities and services: The Convention addresses the provision of facilities and services necessary for the functioning of representatives, such as access to the premises of the international organization and the use of its communication facilities.
- Relations with the host country: It clarifies the relationship between the representative and the host country, including the obligations of the host country to facilitate the functioning of the representative and the respect for the organization’s premises and archives.
- Termination of representation: The Convention provides for the termination of the representation, including the withdrawal of credentials and the consequences thereof.
The Vienna Convention on Representation aims to ensure the smooth and effective functioning of international organizations by establishing clear rules and guidelines for the representation of states. It promotes diplomatic relations between states and international organizations, contributing to the cooperation and collaboration in various areas of international concern.