Vienna Convention on succession of States in respect of state property, archivesand debts


The Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of State Property, Archives, and Debts is an international treaty that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1983. The purpose of the convention is to establish rules and principles regarding the succession of states in relation to state property, archives, and debts when a state undergoes a change in its sovereignty or is dissolved.The convention recognizes that when a state ceases to exist or undergoes significant changes in its territorial integrity or political structure, it is important to determine how its assets and liabilities should be transferred to the successor states. This includes state property such as buildings, land, and infrastructure, as well as state archives and public debts.According to the convention, the successor state or states are generally responsible for assuming the rights and obligations of the predecessor state in relation to its property, archives, and debts. The convention provides guidelines and procedures for determining the division and apportionment of assets and liabilities among the successor states, taking into account factors such as the territorial scope of the state, the nature of the assets and debts, and the interests of the parties involved.The convention also emphasizes the importance of preserving state archives, which contain valuable historical, cultural, and legal documents. It establishes principles for the protection, preservation, and accessibility of state archives, ensuring their continuity and availability to successor states and other interested parties.It’s worth noting that the Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of State Property, Archives, and Debts is not a widely ratified convention. As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, it had been ratified by 25 states. However, its principles and guidelines are considered important in international law and have influenced the practice of state succession.


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