United Nations Security Council resolution 827 (1993) .

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United Nations Security Council resolution 827 was adopted on May 25, 1993. It established the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in response to the atrocities committed during the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia, particularly the wars in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Here are the key points of resolution 827: 1. Establishment of the ICTY: The resolution established the ICTY as an ad hoc tribunal with the purpose of investigating and prosecuting individuals responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law in the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991. 2. Jurisdiction: The resolution granted the ICTY jurisdiction over individuals, regardless of their nationality, who committed genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and other serious violations of international humanitarian law during the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia. 3. Cooperation: All UN member states, including the countries of the former Yugoslavia, were called upon to cooperate fully with the ICTY in its investigations and prosecutions. This included the arrest and transfer of suspects, provision of evidence, protection of witnesses, and other forms of assistance. 4. Tribunal Structure: The resolution outlined the structure of the ICTY, including the establishment of a prosecutor’s office and a Trial Chamber responsible for the adjudication of cases. The resolution also emphasized the importance of impartiality and fairness in the tribunal’s proceedings. 5. Investigation and Prosecution: The resolution authorized the ICTY to conduct investigations and initiate prosecutions against individuals suspected of committing serious crimes. It called for the cooperation of national authorities and international organizations in providing access to evidence and facilitating the arrest and transfer of suspects. 6. Appeals Chamber: The resolution established an Appeals Chamber within the ICTY to hear appeals against the decisions of the Trial Chamber. 7. Cooperation with Other Organizations: The resolution called for cooperation between the ICTY and other international organizations, including the International Committee of the Red Cross and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, to facilitate the tribunal’s work. Resolution 827 was a significant step in addressing the serious crimes committed during the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia. It marked the first establishment of an international criminal tribunal since the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals after World War II, and it paved the way for subsequent international criminal tribunals, such as the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the International Criminal Court (ICC).

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