United Nations Model Rules for theconciliation of disputes between States
As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, the United Nations (UN) does not have a specific set of model rules for the conciliation of disputes between states. However, the UN provides various frameworks and mechanisms for the peaceful settlement of disputes between states, which can include conciliation as one of the methods.
One of the primary methods for the settlement of international disputes is diplomatic negotiation, where states engage in direct discussions to reach a mutually acceptable solution. The UN encourages states to resolve their disputes through negotiation and diplomacy, emphasizing the principles of peaceful settlement of disputes and respect for international law.
In addition to negotiation, the UN Charter also provides for other dispute settlement mechanisms, such as mediation, arbitration, and judicial settlement. Mediation involves the assistance of a third party who facilitates negotiations between the disputing states. Arbitration entails the submission of a dispute to an impartial tribunal whose decision is binding on the parties. Judicial settlement refers to the resolution of disputes through international courts and tribunals, such as the International Court of Justice (ICJ).
While the UN does not have model rules specifically dedicated to conciliation, conciliation can be utilized as a method within the broader framework of negotiation and mediation. Conciliation typically involves the appointment of a neutral third party or a panel to assist the disputing states in finding a mutually acceptable resolution. The process may involve fact-finding, non-binding recommendations, or proposals for settlement.
It is worth noting that the UN Charter encourages states to first seek peaceful means of dispute settlement and exhaust all available options before resorting to more aggressive measures. However, the specific procedures and rules for the conciliation process between states would likely depend on the agreement or mechanism chosen by the parties involved.
Please keep in mind that my information is based on the UN’s general approach to the settlement of disputes as of September 2021. For the most up-to-date and specific information on the conciliation of disputes between states, I recommend referring to the relevant documents and resources provided by the UN and its associated bodies.