UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules


The UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules refer to the rules and procedures established by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) for the resolution of disputes through conciliation. UNCITRAL is a UN body responsible for promoting the harmonization and modernization of international trade law.

The UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules provide a framework for parties to resolve their disputes through a flexible and voluntary conciliation process. Conciliation is a non-binding form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in which a neutral third party, known as a conciliator, assists the parties in reaching a mutually acceptable settlement.

Here are some key features of the UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules:

  1. Applicability: The rules apply to conciliation proceedings between parties involved in international commercial disputes, regardless of the nature of the legal relationship (e.g., contractual or non-contractual).
  2. Initiation of Proceedings: The party initiating the conciliation proceedings (referred to as the “claimant”) must provide a written notice to the other party (referred to as the “respondent”) describing the nature of the dispute and the relief sought.
  3. Appointment of Conciliator: If the parties have not agreed on the appointment of a conciliator, the rules provide a mechanism for the appointment. The conciliator is chosen based on qualifications, impartiality, and independence.
  4. Conduct of Proceedings: The proceedings are conducted in a flexible and informal manner, allowing the parties to present their arguments and evidence. The conciliator may also hold separate meetings with each party to facilitate communication and explore possible settlement options.
  5. Confidentiality: The rules emphasize the confidentiality of the conciliation process. The parties, the conciliator, and any other persons involved in the proceedings must maintain the confidentiality of all information obtained during the process.
  6. Settlement Agreement: If the parties reach a settlement agreement, it is recorded in writing and signed by the parties. The settlement agreement is binding and enforceable as a contract.
  7. Termination of Proceedings: The conciliation proceedings are terminated when a settlement agreement is reached, or if either party notifies the conciliator and the other party in writing that further efforts at conciliation are no longer justified.

It’s important to note that the UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules provide a framework for parties to structure their conciliation process, but they do not provide substantive law or legal advice. Parties may choose to incorporate additional rules or guidelines into their conciliation proceedings as needed.

These rules have been widely recognized and adopted by many countries as a standard for international commercial conciliation. However, it’s advisable to refer to the official UNCITRAL documents for the most up-to-date and comprehensive information on the UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules.

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