U.S. Constitution

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The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. It was adopted on September 17, 1787, and it outlines the framework and principles of the federal government. The Constitution has been the foundation of the U.S. legal system and has played a crucial role in shaping the nation’s governance and protecting individual rights. The Constitution consists of a preamble and seven articles. The preamble sets forth the goals and purposes of the Constitution, including establishing justice, ensuring domestic tranquility, providing for the common defense, promoting the general welfare, and securing the blessings of liberty. The articles of the Constitution outline the structure and powers of the three branches of the federal government: the legislative branch (Article I), the executive branch (Article II), and the judicial branch (Article III). These articles define the powers and responsibilities of each branch and establish a system of checks and balances to prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful. The Constitution also includes provisions for the amendment process (Article V), the relationship between the federal government and the states (Article VI), and the process for ratification of the Constitution (Article VII). The first ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights, were added in 1791 to protect individual freedoms and limit the power of the federal government. These amendments guarantee rights such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press; the right to bear arms; and protections against unreasonable searches and seizures, among others. Since its adoption, the U.S. Constitution has been amended 27 times to address various social, political, and legal issues. The interpretation and application of the Constitution are primarily the responsibility of the judicial branch, particularly the Supreme Court, which has the power of judicial review to determine the constitutionality of laws and actions. The U.S. Constitution is considered a living document that continues to shape American democracy. Its principles of limited government, separation of powers, and individual rights have had a profound influence not only within the United States but also on constitutional systems around the world.

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