The Current Situation in Pakistan
Pakistan continues to deal with numerous domestic and external sources of strife. A limited conception of Pakistan’s national identity has encouraged extremism and intolerance of diversity and dissent, endangering the possibilities for social cohesiveness and stability in the nation.
Because state institutions frequently fail to offer peaceful solutions to problems, some groups have turned to violence as a solution. Following the 2013 and 2018 elections, the nation saw peaceful political transitions. Yet, the nation continues to struggle with a shaky economy and widening domestic polarisation as it gets ready for expected elections in 2023. The country’s agriculture and health sectors have been put under strain, and the terrible flooding that swept through Pakistan in 2022 exposed the country’s vulnerability to climate disasters as well as serious flaws in governance and economic stability.
Regional tensions between Pakistan and Taliban-ruled Afghanistan have increased due to a revival of terrorist groups along Pakistan’s border with Afghanistan. Although the Line of Control in Kashmir was proclaimed to be in a state of truce in 2021, relations with India are still stale and susceptible to crises that endanger regional and global security. As a major state and close friend of Pakistan, China’s presence and influence in the region has the power to both ease and worsen a number of internal and international issues.