Statute of the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) .


The International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) is an international judicial institution established by the United Nations Security Council to carry out a number of essential functions following the completion of the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).

The Statute of the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18, 2010, and it entered into force on July 1, 2012. The Statute provides the legal framework for the IRMCT and outlines its structure, functions, and jurisdiction.

Here are some key provisions of the Statute:

  1. Purpose and Functions: The IRMCT is mandated to perform certain functions previously carried out by the ICTY and ICTR, including the prosecution, trial, and punishment of persons responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territories of the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. It also has the authority to hear appeals against judgments rendered by the ICTY and ICTR.
  2. Structure: The IRMCT is composed of two branches, the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals (MICT) and the Appeals Chamber. The MICT is responsible for the functions of the ICTY and ICTR at the trial level, including the handling of ongoing cases, while the Appeals Chamber hears appeals from both the ICTY and ICTR.
  3. Jurisdiction: The IRMCT has jurisdiction over individuals who have been indicted by the ICTY or ICTR but have not yet been arrested or transferred to the tribunals. It also has the power to prosecute cases referred to it by the ICTY and ICTR. Additionally, the IRMCT has the authority to review certain cases that have already been adjudicated by the ICTY and ICTR.
  4. Relationship with National Jurisdictions: The Statute emphasizes the principle of complementarity, which means that the IRMCT should primarily complement the national judicial systems. It encourages states to cooperate with the IRMCT in the investigation and prosecution of individuals responsible for international crimes.
  5. Cooperation and Assistance: The Statute establishes the obligations of states to cooperate fully with the IRMCT, including the arrest and surrender of suspects, the provision of evidence and witnesses, and the enforcement of sentences.
  6. Enforcement of Sentences: The IRMCT has the authority to enforce the sentences imposed by the ICTY and ICTR and may conclude agreements with states for the enforcement of sentences.

It’s important to note that the information provided here is based on the knowledge available up to September 2021, and there may have been updates or amendments to the Statute since then. For the most current and detailed information, it is recommended to refer to the official documents and sources related to the IRMCT and its Statute.

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