Protocol to Convention (No. 29) concerning forced or compulsory labour

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The Protocol to Convention No. 29 concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour is an international agreement that supplements and strengthens the provisions of Convention No. 29 of the International Labour Organization (ILO). The protocol was adopted on June 28, 2014, and entered into force on November 9, 2016.

The Protocol aims to address the persistent problem of forced or compulsory labor, which refers to work or service exacted from a person under the threat of penalty and for which the person has not offered themselves voluntarily. It builds upon the existing provisions of Convention No. 29, which was adopted in 1930, and updates them to address modern forms of forced labor.

Key provisions of the Protocol include:

  1. Broader Definition of Forced Labor: The Protocol expands the definition of forced or compulsory labor to encompass new forms and manifestations that have emerged since the adoption of Convention No. 29. It recognizes that forced labor can take various forms, such as human trafficking, debt bondage, and other contemporary forms of slavery.
  2. Increased Protection and Prevention Measures: The Protocol establishes comprehensive measures to prevent forced labor, protect victims, and provide them with access to justice and remedies. It requires ratifying countries to adopt effective legislation, policies, and programs to identify, investigate, and punish instances of forced labor.
  3. Victim Support and Rehabilitation: The Protocol emphasizes the importance of providing support and rehabilitation services to victims of forced labor. It calls for measures to ensure the physical and psychological recovery of victims, as well as their social reintegration.
  4. International Cooperation: The Protocol encourages international cooperation among countries to address the global nature of forced labor. It emphasizes the exchange of information, best practices, and technical assistance to strengthen national efforts in combating forced labor.

Ratification of the Protocol requires a country to be a party to Convention No. 29, as the Protocol supplements and reinforces the obligations under the original convention. By ratifying the Protocol, countries commit to taking more robust measures to eliminate forced labor and to report on their progress in implementing the Protocol’s provisions.

It’s important to note that while the Protocol provides a framework for addressing forced labor, the effectiveness of its implementation relies on the commitment and actions of individual countries and international cooperation to combat this grave violation of human rights.

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