political system of parliament


A democratic type of government known as a parliamentary system is one in which the party (or coalition of parties) with the most representation in the legislature (parliament) establishes the government, with the leader of that party serving as prime minister or chancellor. Members of the parliament who have been appointed to the cabinet by the prime minister execute executive duties. The minority parties have an obligation to consistently challenge the majority and work against it. When a majority of the ruling party or the parliament loses confidence in the prime minister, they have the right to be dismissed from office. A number of Britain’s former colonies adopted the parliamentary system once it was developed there (see Parliament).

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