Person once convicted or acquitted not to be tried for same offence

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The principle you are referring to is known as “double jeopardy.” It is a legal concept that protects individuals from being prosecuted or punished multiple times for the same offense.

Double jeopardy is based on the idea that once a person has been acquitted (found not guilty) or convicted of a crime, they should not be subjected to further criminal proceedings for the same offense. It ensures that individuals are not subjected to repeated trials and potential punishments, which could violate their rights and lead to unjust treatment.

The principle of double jeopardy varies in its application across different legal systems. In the United States, for example, the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution explicitly prohibits the government from subjecting a person to double jeopardy. This means that if someone is acquitted or convicted of a crime in a U.S. court, they generally cannot be tried again for the same offense.

However, there are some exceptions and limitations to the double jeopardy rule. For instance, if new and compelling evidence emerges after a trial that was not available during the original proceedings, in certain cases, a retrial may be permitted. Additionally, civil and criminal proceedings can occur simultaneously or sequentially, as they serve different purposes and have different standards of proof.

It’s important to note that laws and legal systems can vary by country, so the specific details and exceptions to double jeopardy can differ. It is advisable to consult the laws of a particular jurisdiction to understand how they handle the concept of double jeopardy.

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