Optional Protocol to the Convention on the safety of United Nations and associated personnel
The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel is an international treaty that aims to enhance the protection of United Nations personnel and associated personnel working in various capacities around the world. It supplements the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel, which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1994.
The Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel recognized the need to ensure the safety and security of UN personnel engaged in peacekeeping operations, humanitarian missions, and other activities carried out under the auspices of the United Nations. The Optional Protocol, adopted in 2005, further strengthens these protections.
The Optional Protocol extends the scope of the Convention by establishing a framework for criminal responsibility and international cooperation in cases where UN personnel and associated personnel are subject to deliberate attacks. It provides for specific measures to prevent and suppress such attacks, and to hold perpetrators accountable.
Under the Optional Protocol, States Parties are required to adopt appropriate measures, including legislation, to establish jurisdiction over crimes against UN and associated personnel. They are also obligated to investigate such crimes, prosecute the perpetrators, and ensure that the victims receive appropriate protection, support, and compensation.
Furthermore, the Optional Protocol encourages States Parties to cooperate with each other in preventing and combating crimes against UN personnel. This includes extradition and mutual legal assistance provisions to facilitate the prosecution of offenders.
It is important to note that my knowledge cutoff is in September 2021, and there may have been developments or updates to the Optional Protocol since then. For the most current and detailed information, I recommend referring to official United Nations documents or consulting legal experts familiar with the latest developments in this area.Tags: basic human rights, child rights, children's rights, civil rights, disability rights, freedom of assembly, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, human dignity, human rights abuses, human rights advocacy, human rights definition, human rights education, human rights issues, human rights law, human rights violation, human rights violations, indigenous peoples' rights, indigenous rights, international human rights, international human rights law, minority rights, refugee rights, reproductive rights, right to education, right to privacy, right to work, universal human rights, women's rights