Optional Protocol to the Convention on the rights of the childon a communications procedure

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The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure is an international human rights instrument that provides a mechanism for individual children, or groups of children, to bring complaints to the United Nations (UN) Committee on the Rights of the Child. It was adopted by the UN General Assembly on December 19, 2011, and entered into force on April 14, 2014.

The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is a widely ratified international treaty that sets out the civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights of children. The Optional Protocol serves as an additional instrument to the CRC, allowing children to seek justice for violations of their rights.

The Communications Procedure under the Optional Protocol allows individual children or groups of children to submit complaints to the Committee on the Rights of the Child when they believe their rights have been violated. The Protocol allows complaints to be filed against a state party that has ratified both the CRC and the Optional Protocol.

The Committee on the Rights of the Child is a body of independent experts tasked with monitoring the implementation of the CRC. It reviews the complaints received under the Optional Protocol and can make recommendations to the state party concerned. The Committee’s recommendations are not legally binding but carry moral authority and serve as guidance to states in fulfilling their obligations under the CRC.

The Optional Protocol provides children with an avenue to seek redress for violations of their rights when domestic remedies have been exhausted or are unavailable. It strengthens the accountability of states in upholding the rights of children and promotes the realization of children’s rights at the international level.

It is important to note that the Optional Protocol is only applicable to states that have ratified it. As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, 47 states have ratified the Optional Protocol. However, it is advisable to refer to the latest information from the UN or relevant sources to obtain the most up-to-date information on ratifications.

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