International Convention on the protection of the rights of all migrant workersand members of their families
The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families is an international human rights treaty that aims to protect the rights of migrant workers and their families. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18, 1990, and entered into force on July 1, 2003.
The Convention defines a migrant worker as a person who is engaged or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a state of which he or she is not a national. The Convention recognizes that migrant workers make important contributions to the economic and social development of both their countries of origin and the countries in which they work.
The Convention establishes a set of minimum standards to protect the rights of migrant workers and their families. These rights include:
- Non-discrimination: Migrant workers and their families should not be subjected to any form of discrimination based on their national origin, race, sex, religion, or other status.
- Equal treatment: Migrant workers should enjoy the same working conditions and benefits as national workers in the host country, including wages, working hours, social security, and access to healthcare.
- Right to life and liberty: Migrant workers should be protected from arbitrary arrest or detention and should not be subjected to torture, cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.
- Right to family unity: Migrant workers have the right to be accompanied by their spouses and children, and to live together as a family. States should take measures to facilitate family reunification.
- Right to just and favorable conditions of work: Migrant workers should be provided with safe and healthy working conditions, fair wages, and reasonable working hours.
- Right to social security: Migrant workers and their families should have access to social security benefits, including healthcare, unemployment benefits, and pensions.
- Right to education: Migrant children should have access to education on the same basis as national children in the host country.
The Convention also establishes mechanisms for monitoring its implementation, including the establishment of a committee of experts to review periodic reports submitted by states parties.
It’s important to note that not all countries have ratified or acceded to the Convention. As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, 56 countries have ratified the Convention. However, the list of ratifying countries may have changed since then.