International Convention on the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination . .

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The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) is a United Nations treaty adopted in 1965. Its primary goal is to eliminate racial discrimination and promote equality among all individuals, regardless of their race, color, descent, or national or ethnic origin. The convention recognizes that racial discrimination is a violation of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms.ICERD defines racial discrimination as any distinction, exclusion, restriction, or preference based on race, color, descent, or national or ethnic origin that has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment, or exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, or any other field of public life.The convention establishes a framework for states to combat racial discrimination and promote equality. It requires state parties to undertake various measures, including:1. Ensuring legal protection against racial discrimination and the right to seek effective remedies.2. Prohibiting and eliminating racial discrimination in all its forms, including in public institutions, organizations, and private enterprises.3. Taking measures to prevent and prohibit racial segregation and apartheid.4. Promoting understanding, tolerance, and friendship among racial and ethnic groups.5. Ensuring equal access to public services, such as education, healthcare, and employment, without discrimination.6. Recognizing and protecting the rights of individuals belonging to racial and ethnic minority groups.7. Undertaking regular reporting and review of progress in implementing the convention.The ICERD has been ratified by the majority of countries worldwide, making it one of the most widely accepted human rights treaties. State parties are required to submit periodic reports to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, which monitors the implementation of the convention and provides recommendations to enhance its effectiveness.The convention plays a crucial role in promoting racial equality and combating discrimination globally. It serves as a guide for governments, organizations, and individuals in their efforts to eradicate racial discrimination and create inclusive societies that respect and protect the rights of all individuals, regardless of their race or ethnicity.

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