International Convention against the recruitment, use, financing andtraining of mercenaries


The International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing, and Training of Mercenaries is a treaty that aims to prevent and eradicate the activities of mercenaries. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1989 and entered into force on October 20, 2001. The convention defines a mercenary as any person who: 1. Is especially recruited locally or abroad to fight in an armed conflict. 2. Is motivated by the desire for private gain. 3. Is neither a national nor a resident of the conflict-affected country. 4. Is not a member of the armed forces of a party to the conflict. 5. Is not sent by a state on official duty. The convention establishes several obligations for states that have ratified it. These include: 1. Prohibition: States must prohibit and criminalize the recruitment, use, financing, and training of mercenaries. 2. Jurisdiction: States must establish jurisdiction over the offenses covered by the convention and ensure that their courts can prosecute individuals who violate its provisions. 3. Extradition: States must cooperate in the extradition of individuals accused of offenses under the convention. 4. Assistance: States must provide mutual legal assistance in investigating and prosecuting cases related to mercenaries. 5. Awareness and Information: States are encouraged to promote awareness and disseminate information about the convention to prevent and suppress the activities of mercenaries. The convention aims to address the negative consequences associated with mercenaries, such as prolonging conflicts, undermining peace processes, and violating human rights. It emphasizes the importance of respecting the principles of national sovereignty, self-determination, and non-intervention in the internal affairs of other states. It’s important to note that as an AI, my responses are based on information available up until September 2021, and there may have been developments or updates regarding this convention since then.

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