Internally displaced persons
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are individuals or groups of people who have been forced to flee their homes due to armed conflict, violence, natural disasters, or other situations of generalised violence. Unlike refugees, who cross international borders to seek safety, IDPs remain within the boundaries of their own country.IDPs often face numerous challenges and vulnerabilities. They have been uprooted from their homes, communities, and support networks, leading to a loss of livelihoods, access to basic services, and protection. They may lack access to adequate shelter, clean water, food, healthcare, education, and employment opportunities. IDPs are also at risk of human rights violations, including discrimination, exploitation, and gender-based violence.The responsibility for protecting and assisting IDPs lies primarily with the national government of the affected country. However, in many cases, governments may lack the resources, capacity, or political will to adequately address the needs of IDPs. International humanitarian organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and the United Nations system often provide assistance and protection to IDPs through various programs and initiatives.Efforts to support IDPs involve providing emergency relief, such as food, clean water, and shelter, as well as addressing their longer-term needs for sustainable solutions. This can include efforts to promote peace and security, facilitate the safe return or resettlement of IDPs, and support their reintegration into their communities. The process of durable solutions for IDPs often requires collaboration and coordination between governments, humanitarian actors, and development organizations.The number of IDPs worldwide has been steadily increasing in recent years due to ongoing conflicts, violence, and natural disasters. It is crucial to prioritize the protection and assistance of IDPs, address the root causes of displacement, and work towards durable solutions to ensure their well-being, safety, and dignity.