Guiding principles on internal displacement


Guiding principles on internal displacement are a set of internationally recognized standards that provide guidance on the protection, assistance, and solutions for internally displaced persons (IDPs). These principles aim to ensure that the rights and needs of IDPs are respected and addressed during situations of conflict, violence, natural disasters, or other circumstances that force them to flee their homes but remain within the borders of their own country.

The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement were developed in 1998 by the Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General on Internally Displaced Persons, in consultation with governments, humanitarian organizations, and other stakeholders. They draw upon international humanitarian law, human rights law, and refugee law, and provide a comprehensive framework for addressing the specific needs and challenges faced by IDPs.

Here are some key principles outlined in the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement:

  1. Protection from arbitrary displacement: IDPs should be protected against arbitrary displacement, and their rights to life, liberty, and security of person should be respected.
  2. Non-discrimination and equality: IDPs should be protected from discrimination and have equal access to humanitarian assistance, without any distinction based on race, ethnicity, gender, religion, or other factors.
  3. Protection from violence and abuse: IDPs have the right to be protected from violence, including sexual and gender-based violence, and other forms of abuse. Parties to the conflict have an obligation to ensure the safety and security of IDPs.
  4. Adequate standard of living: IDPs have the right to an adequate standard of living, including access to food, water, shelter, healthcare, and education. Efforts should be made to ensure their basic needs are met.
  5. Right to voluntary return or resettlement: IDPs have the right to return voluntarily, in safety and dignity, to their places of origin or to resettle in another part of the country. They should not be compelled to return or resettle against their will.
  6. Participation and consultation: IDPs should be involved in decisions that affect their lives, and their opinions and concerns should be taken into account in the development and implementation of policies and programs.
  7. Documentation and legal identity: IDPs should be provided with official documents and legal identity, which can help facilitate their access to services, protection, and assistance.
  8. Durable solutions: Efforts should be made to find durable solutions for IDPs, including their integration into host communities, local integration, or resettlement elsewhere in the country, based on their preferences and in line with their human rights.

These principles serve as a framework for governments, humanitarian actors, and other stakeholders involved in addressing internal displacement. They provide a basis for advocacy, policy development, and programming aimed at protecting and assisting IDPs and finding sustainable solutions to their plight.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *