Election history on foreign countries
Three consecutive periods saw the introduction of competitive elections based on universal suffrage in sub-Saharan Africa. Following decolonization, several nations had elections in the 1950s and 1960s. There were exceptions despite the fact that the majority of them returned to authoritarian regimes (e.g., Botswana and Gambia). When certain military dictatorships were overthrown (such as those in Ghana and Nigeria) and other countries in Southern Africa underwent decolonization in the late 1970s, elections were implemented in a smaller number of nations (e.g., Angola, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe). More than a dozen African nations, including Benin, Mali, South Africa, and Zambia, saw democracy and competitive elections beginning in the early 1990s as a result of the end of the Cold War and the cessation of military and economic help from Western nations. In Latin America, competitive elections were gradually adopted. Elections were held, for instance, in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, and Uruguay in the century that followed 1828, however all but Chile returned to dictatorship. A number of other nations held elections between roughly 1943 and 1962, albeit many of them again did not maintain democratic administrations. Competitive elections were gradually implemented in the majority of Latin America starting in the mid-1970s.