Declaration on the Right to Development


The Declaration on the Right to Development is a document adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1986. It recognizes the right of every individual and all peoples to participate in, contribute to, and enjoy economic, social, cultural, and political development. The declaration emphasizes the importance of creating favorable conditions for development and addressing the obstacles and inequalities that hinder development efforts.

Here are some key points from the Declaration on the Right to Development:

  1. Universality of the right to development: The right to development is considered a universal and inalienable human right, applicable to all individuals and peoples, both individually and collectively.
  2. People as active participants: The declaration emphasizes the active participation of individuals, communities, and peoples in the development process. It recognizes their right to self-determination and the freedom to pursue their economic, social, and cultural development.
  3. Equitable distribution of benefits: The right to development includes the equitable distribution of the benefits of development. It seeks to ensure that all individuals and communities have access to resources, opportunities, and benefits resulting from development efforts.
  4. International cooperation: The declaration highlights the importance of international cooperation in promoting development. It calls for the establishment of a global partnership based on principles of equity, solidarity, and mutual interest to address the challenges faced by developing countries.
  5. Non-discrimination and equality: The right to development should be exercised without discrimination of any kind based on race, sex, religion, nationality, or any other status. It emphasizes the need to eliminate inequalities and promote social justice within and among nations.
  6. Sustainable development: The declaration recognizes the importance of sustainable development, which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It encourages the integration of economic, social, and environmental factors in development policies.

The Declaration on the Right to Development reaffirms the commitment of the international community to promote development as a fundamental right and a collective responsibility. It serves as a guiding document for governments, organizations, and individuals working towards inclusive and sustainable development for all.

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