Declaration on the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples .


The Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, also known as the UN Resolution 1514 (XV), was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 14, 1960. The declaration represented a significant milestone in the process of decolonization and affirmed the right of all peoples to self-determination.

The declaration recognized the inherent dignity and equality of all human beings and condemned colonialism as a violation of fundamental human rights. It called for an end to colonialism in all its forms and reaffirmed the principle that the subjection of peoples to foreign domination constituted a denial of their basic rights and freedoms.

The declaration emphasized the importance of self-determination, which meant that colonial countries and peoples had the right to freely determine their political status and pursue their economic, social, and cultural development. It called upon colonial powers to immediately and unconditionally end their colonial rule and provide full support to the efforts of colonial peoples to exercise their right to self-determination.

Furthermore, the declaration stressed that any attempts to suppress the legitimate aspirations of colonial peoples for independence were contrary to the principles of the United Nations Charter. It called upon all Member States to respect and support the right of colonial countries and peoples to independence and to refrain from any actions that would undermine or compromise that right.

The Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples played a significant role in advancing the process of decolonization worldwide. It provided a moral and legal framework for the dismantling of colonial empires and the establishment of independent nations. The declaration influenced subsequent UN resolutions and international law, reinforcing the principle of self-determination as a fundamental human right.

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