Declaration on the enhancement of the effectiveness of the principle of refraining from the threat or use of force in international relations

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Declaration on the Enhancement of the Effectiveness of the Principle of Refraining from the Threat or Use of Force in International Relations Preamble: We, the undersigned nations, reaffirming our commitment to the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, recognizing the importance of maintaining international peace and security, and convinced that the principle of refraining from the threat or use of force in international relations is fundamental to the maintenance of global peace, hereby declare our intention to enhance the effectiveness of this principle. We aim to foster a more peaceful and cooperative world order based on mutual respect, dialogue, and diplomacy. Article 1: Reaffirmation of the Principle 1. We reaffirm the principle enshrined in Article 2(4) of the United Nations Charter, which prohibits the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations. 2. We emphasize that the principle of refraining from the threat or use of force applies to all states, regardless of their size, economic power, or military capabilities. No state shall be exempt from this principle. Article 2: Strengthening Conflict Prevention and Resolution Mechanisms 1. We recognize the importance of early detection and prevention of conflicts as a means to uphold the principle of refraining from the threat or use of force. We commit to strengthening the capacity of regional and international organizations in conflict prevention, mediation, and peacebuilding efforts. 2. We encourage the United Nations and its member states to promote dialogue, negotiation, and peaceful settlement of disputes as primary means for resolving conflicts. We support the peaceful resolution of conflicts through diplomatic channels, including negotiations, mediation, and arbitration. Article 3: Promoting Peaceful Dispute Settlement 1. We call upon all states to resolve their disputes in a peaceful manner, in accordance with international law and through peaceful means. We encourage states to utilize existing legal frameworks, such as the International Court of Justice, regional courts, and arbitration tribunals, to settle disputes. 2. We urge states to refrain from the threat or use of force as a means to resolve disputes. Instead, they should engage in sincere dialogue and negotiations, with the aim of finding mutually acceptable solutions. Article 4: Disarmament and Arms Control 1. We acknowledge the importance of disarmament and arms control in preventing conflicts and reducing the likelihood of the threat or use of force. We call upon all states to pursue disarmament measures and to actively participate in arms control agreements and non-proliferation regimes. 2. We encourage states to promote transparency and confidence-building measures in their military activities, including the exchange of information on defense policies, military capabilities, and planned exercises. This will help build trust and reduce tensions among nations. Article 5: International Cooperation and Assistance 1. We recognize that international cooperation and assistance are essential for the effective implementation of the principle of refraining from the threat or use of force. We commit to supporting capacity-building efforts, particularly in conflict-affected regions, to strengthen their ability to resolve disputes peacefully. 2. We call upon states to provide financial, technical, and humanitarian assistance to countries in need, with the aim of promoting stability, development, and peace. Such assistance should be provided in a manner consistent with the principles of the United Nations Charter and the principle of refraining from the threat or use of force. Article 6: Follow-up and Review 1. We commit to regular consultations and reviews among participating states to assess progress in the implementation of this declaration and to identify areas where further action is needed. 2. We encourage the United Nations, regional organizations, and civil society to play an active role in monitoring the implementation of this declaration and promoting its principles. Conclusion: We, the unders

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