Declaration on principles of international law concerning friendly relations andco-operation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations

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The Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States, also known as the Friendly Relations Declaration, is a significant document in the field of international law. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on October 24, 1970. The declaration reaffirms the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and provides guidance on the conduct of states in their relations with one another.

The key principles outlined in the declaration include:

  1. Sovereign equality of states: All states, regardless of their size or power, are considered equal and have the same rights and obligations under international law.
  2. Non-interference in internal affairs: States should respect the sovereign rights and territorial integrity of other states and refrain from interfering in their internal affairs.
  3. Prohibition of the use of force: States should settle their disputes peacefully and refrain from the threat or use of force in their international relations.
  4. Duty to cooperate: States have a duty to promote international cooperation and to fulfill their obligations in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.
  5. Respect for human rights and self-determination: States should respect and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the right of all peoples to self-determination.
  6. Obligation to settle disputes peacefully: States should resolve their disputes peacefully through negotiations, mediation, or other peaceful means, in accordance with the principles of the United Nations.
  7. Fulfillment of international obligations in good faith: States should fulfill their international obligations in good faith and in accordance with the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

The Friendly Relations Declaration serves as a framework for guiding state behavior and promoting peaceful relations among nations. It has been referred to in various international legal cases and has influenced the development of customary international law. However, it is important to note that the declaration is a non-binding document, and its principles do not have the same legal force as a treaty or convention.

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