Convention relating to the status of stateless persons

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The Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons is an international treaty that aims to protect the rights and define the legal status of individuals who are not considered nationals by any country. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on September 28, 1954, and came into force on June 6, 1960.

The Convention recognizes that stateless persons are individuals who are not considered citizens under the operation of the laws of any country. It sets out a framework to ensure that stateless persons are treated in a fair and humane manner, guaranteeing them certain fundamental rights and protections.

Some key provisions of the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons include:

  1. Definition of a stateless person: The Convention defines a stateless person as an individual who is not considered a national by any state under the operation of its law.
  2. Non-discrimination: Stateless persons should be treated without discrimination based on their statelessness. They should receive the same treatment as nationals in relation to freedom of religion, access to the courts, access to public education, and other basic rights.
  3. Documentation: Stateless persons should be issued identity papers and travel documents, which are valid and recognized as official documents for identification purposes.
  4. Travel and identity documents: States are required to allow stateless persons to travel to and from their territory on the same conditions as nationals. They should also issue travel documents to stateless persons lawfully residing within their territory.
  5. Access to basic rights and services: Stateless persons should have access to education, employment, housing, public relief, and social security, on a basis no less favorable than that provided to nationals.
  6. Residency and naturalization: States are encouraged to facilitate the naturalization and acquisition of citizenship by stateless persons. Stateless persons who have resided lawfully within a country for a certain period may be granted the right to permanent residence.

The Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons provides a framework for the protection of stateless persons’ rights and serves as an important tool for addressing the challenges faced by stateless individuals worldwide.

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