Convention relating to the status of refugees .Protocol relating to the status of refugees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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The Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees is an international treaty that complements the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 31 January 1967 and came into force on 4 October 1967. The Protocol expands and builds upon the provisions of the original Convention, providing additional rights and protections for refugees.

The Protocol removes some of the limitations and geographical restrictions present in the Convention. It extends the scope of the Convention’s definition of a refugee to include individuals who have fled their country due to events occurring before 1 January 1951 and are unable or unwilling to return to their home country due to a well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group.

Additionally, the Protocol eliminates the geographic and temporal restrictions on the application of the Convention, meaning that it applies to refugees worldwide, regardless of their location or when they became refugees. It also prohibits discrimination against refugees and ensures that they receive treatment similar to that of nationals in various areas, including access to employment, housing, education, and public assistance.

The Protocol has been ratified by a large number of countries, indicating their commitment to protecting the rights of refugees. It is an essential instrument in international refugee law, working in conjunction with the Convention to provide a comprehensive framework for the protection and assistance of refugees.

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