Convention on the privileges and immunities of the specialized agencies

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The Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies is an international treaty that grants certain privileges and immunities to specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN). The specialized agencies refer to organizations that have been created by intergovernmental agreements and operate under the umbrella of the UN, but have their own specific mandates and functions.

The convention was adopted by the UN General Assembly on December 21, 1946, and entered into force on February 21, 1947. It provides a legal framework to ensure that the specialized agencies can carry out their work effectively and independently without interference from the host countries where they are located.

The privileges and immunities granted by the convention include:

  1. Legal immunity: The specialized agencies and their officials enjoy immunity from legal process in the countries where they operate. This means that they cannot be sued or prosecuted for their official actions.
  2. Independence: The agencies have the freedom to carry out their work independently and without undue interference from the host countries.
  3. Tax exemptions: The specialized agencies are generally exempt from paying taxes on their official activities and property.
  4. Communication privileges: The agencies have the right to communicate freely and confidentially with their headquarters and member states.
  5. Access to premises and facilities: The host countries are required to provide the specialized agencies with the necessary premises, facilities, and services for their operations.

It’s important to note that the privileges and immunities granted by the convention are not absolute. The specialized agencies are expected to respect the laws and regulations of the host countries and cooperate with them as necessary. Additionally, the convention does not cover privileges and immunities for the United Nations itself, as those are governed by a separate treaty called the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations

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