The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) is an international treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1979. Often referred to as the international bill of rights for women, CEDAW aims to eliminate discrimination against women in all areas of life and ensure their equal rights and opportunities. CEDAW defines discrimination against women as any distinction, exclusion, or restriction based on sex that impairs or nullifies the enjoyment of rights on an equal basis with men. It emphasizes the need to eliminate prejudices, customs, and practices that perpetuate gender stereotypes and inequality. The convention sets out various obligations for state parties to promote gender equality and women’s rights. These obligations include: 1. Eliminating all forms of discrimination against women in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil, or any other field. 2. Ensuring legal protection of women’s rights on an equal basis with men. 3. Taking measures to modify or abolish existing laws, regulations, customs, and practices that discriminate against women. 4. Eliminating gender-based violence against women and ensuring their safety. 5. Promoting gender equality in education, employment, healthcare, and participation in public life. 6. Ensuring equal opportunities for women in decision-making processes at all levels. States that are party to CEDAW are required to submit regular reports to the CEDAW Committee, an expert body responsible for monitoring the implementation of the convention. The committee provides guidance and recommendations to states to improve their efforts in achieving gender equality. CEDAW has been widely ratified, with over 180 countries being party to the convention. However, the extent of implementation and progress varies across countries. The convention has played a crucial role in shaping national laws and policies and raising awareness about gender equality issues globally.