Convention on special missions

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The Convention on Special Missions refers to the legal framework established by the United Nations (UN) to govern the conduct of special missions carried out by states or international organizations. These missions are typically diplomatic or political in nature and are conducted outside the normal framework of diplomatic relations.

The Convention on Special Missions was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1969 and entered into force in 1985. It provides guidelines and rules for the establishment, operation, and termination of special missions, as well as the privileges and immunities of the mission members.

Special missions can be sent to undertake specific tasks or negotiations, facilitate conflict resolution, observe elections, or engage in humanitarian efforts, among other purposes. The missions may be temporary or long-term, and they operate with the consent of the host state.

The Convention on Special Missions defines the legal status and immunities of the mission members, including diplomatic agents, experts, and support staff. It ensures that they can carry out their functions without interference from the host state and enjoy certain privileges and immunities, such as inviolability of their persons and premises, exemption from taxation, and freedom of movement.

The convention also outlines the obligations of the sending state or organization, including respecting the laws and regulations of the host state, providing adequate security measures, and cooperating with the host state authorities.

Overall, the Convention on Special Missions serves as an international legal framework to facilitate the effective functioning of diplomatic and political missions operating outside the traditional diplomatic channels, promoting dialogue, and supporting peaceful resolutions of conflicts.

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