Convention (No. 111) concerning discrimination in respect of employment and occupation . .


Convention No. 111 refers to the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Convention concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation. It is an international treaty adopted by the ILO in 1958 and is one of the core conventions of the organization.

The objective of Convention No. 111 is to promote equality of opportunity and treatment in employment and occupation, with the aim of eliminating discrimination based on various grounds, including race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national extraction, social origin, and other status-related factors. The convention recognizes that such discrimination can undermine the principles of freedom, justice, and dignity of individuals and can have negative social and economic consequences.

Under Convention No. 111, member states that ratify the convention commit to formulating and implementing national policies and legislation to eliminate discrimination in employment and occupation. This includes ensuring that all individuals have equal access to employment, training, and advancement opportunities, and that they are not subject to any unfair treatment or adverse actions based on discriminatory grounds.

The convention requires member states to take measures to prevent and eliminate discrimination in both public and private sectors, including through legislative, administrative, and educational means. It also encourages cooperation between governments, employers, and workers’ organizations to promote equality and combat discrimination.

By ratifying Convention No. 111, member states commit themselves to incorporating its principles into their national legal frameworks and to regularly reporting on the measures taken to implement the convention’s provisions. The ILO’s supervisory mechanisms monitor the implementation of the convention by member states and provide guidance on how to address any shortcomings or challenges.

It is important to note that while Convention No. 111 sets out international standards, its effectiveness in combating discrimination ultimately depends on the willingness of member states to enforce its provisions and promote equal opportunities in employment and occupation.

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