Convention for the protection of submarine telegraph cables

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The Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables, also known as the Submarine Cable Convention, is an international treaty that governs the protection and preservation of submarine telegraph cables. The convention aims to ensure the uninterrupted functioning of submarine cables, which are vital for global telecommunications and the transmission of information.The Submarine Cable Convention was initially adopted in 1884 and has been revised and amended several times since then. The most recent version of the convention is the “Protocol of 1988 relating to the International Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables.” This protocol entered into force on December 6, 2002, and supplements the original convention.Key provisions of the convention include:1. Protection of submarine cables: The convention establishes measures to protect submarine cables from damage or disruption caused by activities such as fishing, anchoring, and dredging. Parties to the convention are required to take necessary steps to prevent these activities from damaging or interfering with submarine cables.2. Notification and consultation: The convention stipulates that parties must notify other affected parties of any proposed activities that could potentially damage submarine cables. Consultations are to be held to resolve any issues arising from such activities.3. Responsibilities of cable owners: The convention places certain responsibilities on owners of submarine cables, including the duty to maintain and repair their cables. Cable owners are also required to provide information about the location and nature of their cables to relevant authorities.4. Flag state jurisdiction: The convention establishes the principle of flag state jurisdiction, which means that the state under whose flag a cable-laying ship operates has primary jurisdiction over that ship and its activities.5. Cooperation and assistance: The convention promotes international cooperation and assistance among parties to ensure the effective protection and preservation of submarine cables. It encourages the exchange of information, technical cooperation, and the resolution of disputes through diplomatic channels.The Submarine Cable Convention is an important legal framework that helps prevent accidental or intentional damage to submarine telegraph cables. It serves to facilitate global communications and the functioning of the telecommunications infrastructure.

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