Convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment .

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The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment is an international human rights treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1984. It is commonly known as the UN Convention against Torture.

The purpose of the Convention is to prevent and eliminate torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment worldwide. It defines torture as the intentional infliction of severe pain or suffering, both physical and mental, by a public official or with the acquiescence of a public official, for purposes such as obtaining information, punishment, intimidation, or discrimination.

The Convention establishes several important obligations for States that are parties to it. These include:

  1. Prohibition of torture: States must take effective legislative, administrative, judicial, and other measures to prevent and prohibit torture within their jurisdiction.
  2. Criminalization of torture: States must make torture a criminal offense under their domestic laws. They are required to investigate and prosecute those accused of torture and ensure that the punishment is proportionate to the gravity of the crime.
  3. Non-refoulement: States must not extradite, deport, or return individuals to another country where there are substantial grounds to believe that they would be in danger of being subjected to torture.
  4. Prohibition of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment: States must also prohibit and prevent the use of any other forms of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.
  5. Rehabilitation and redress: States are obligated to provide victims of torture with appropriate and effective medical, psychological, and social rehabilitation services. They must also ensure that victims have access to legal remedies and receive fair and adequate compensation.

The Convention established a monitoring body known as the Committee against Torture. This committee reviews reports submitted by State parties on their implementation of the Convention and can also consider complaints from individuals who claim to be victims of torture or cruel treatment.

As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, the Convention against Torture has been ratified by 171 countries, making it one of the most widely accepted human rights treaties in the world. However, it is always advisable to refer to the most up-to-date sources to obtain the latest information on the current status and ratifications of international treaties.

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