Cognizance of offences by Courts of Session:

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Cognizance of offences by Courts of Session refers to the authority and power of a Court of Session to take judicial notice of a criminal offense and initiate proceedings against the accused. In many legal systems, including India, the Court of Session is a higher criminal court that has the jurisdiction to try serious offenses.

Here are some key points regarding the cognizance of offenses by Courts of Session:

  1. Jurisdiction: A Court of Session has the jurisdiction to try offenses that are punishable with imprisonment for a term exceeding seven years. It is empowered to hear and decide cases involving serious criminal offenses such as murder, rape, dacoity, robbery, etc.
  2. Sessions Judge: The Court of Session is presided over by a Sessions Judge who is a senior judicial officer. The Sessions Judge is responsible for conducting trials, ensuring fairness, and delivering judgments in criminal cases.
  3. Taking cognizance: The Sessions Judge can take cognizance of an offense based on various factors, such as a police report (charge sheet) filed by the investigating agency, a complaint filed by the victim or any other person, or information received from any reliable source.
  4. Procedure: Once the Court of Session takes cognizance of an offense, it initiates criminal proceedings by issuing summonses or warrants against the accused. The accused is then brought before the court, and the trial process begins, which includes recording of evidence, examination of witnesses, cross-examination, and arguments from both the prosecution and defense.
  5. Fair trial: The Court of Session ensures that the accused is given a fair and impartial trial. It provides opportunities for the accused to present their defense, cross-examine witnesses, and produce evidence in their favor. The principles of natural justice, including the presumption of innocence until proven guilty, are upheld during the trial.
  6. Judgment: After the completion of the trial, the Court of Session delivers its judgment based on the evidence and arguments presented. If the accused is found guilty, the court pronounces the sentence, which may include imprisonment, fines, or other appropriate penalties as prescribed by law.

It’s important to note that specific procedures and practices regarding the cognizance of offenses by Courts of Session may vary in different legal jurisdictions. The information provided here is a general overview and may not cover all the nuances of the process in every legal system.

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