Agreement on port State measures to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal,unreported and unregulated fishing

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The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing is an international treaty aimed at combating illegal fishing practices. It was adopted by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2009 and entered into force on June 5, 2016.The agreement focuses on strengthening port controls to prevent illegally caught fish from entering international markets. It requires port states to take certain measures when foreign vessels seek access to their ports, such as conducting inspections, verifying documentation, and sharing information with other countries. These measures are designed to detect and prevent the landing, transshipment, or sale of illegally caught fish.By implementing the agreement, port states play a crucial role in deterring IUU fishing activities. They can refuse entry or deny services to vessels suspected of engaging in illegal fishing. They can also share information about suspicious vessels with other countries to enhance cooperation and promote coordinated actions against IUU fishing.The agreement emphasizes international cooperation, exchange of information, and capacity building among countries to effectively combat IUU fishing. It also encourages states to develop and implement their own national laws and regulations in accordance with the agreement’s provisions.By targeting the weak link of port controls, the agreement aims to disrupt the economic viability of IUU fishing operations. It seeks to create a deterrent effect, as vessels engaged in IUU fishing face the risk of being denied access to ports, which can significantly impact their profitability.The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing represents a significant step towards addressing the global challenge of IUU fishing. It promotes sustainable fisheries management, protects marine ecosystems, and contributes to the conservation of fish stocks for future generations.

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